Is there a time frame for the trademark registration approval?
The average time frame for the registration approval is 9 months, if no objections or oppositions arise.
If I register my trademark in Czech Republic, do I have protection in other territories?
No. The territorial limit of your mark’s protection is Czech Republic only.
Do I need to sign a Power of Attorney?
Yes. A power of attorney must be submitted upon filing of application.
Are there any benefits from using the trademark before filing?
Yes. We recommend pre-filing use of the mark to avoid oppositions based on non-distinctiveness.
Will there be problems in case I don’t use my trademark after registration?
Yes. Not using your registered mark may result to authorities proclaiming it as invalid.
What are the types of trademark that can be registered in Czech Republic?
Any sign that is graphically reproducible and is capable of showing the difference of a good or service from others is accepted for registration.
- Shapes (with three dimensions)
- Trade dress
What are the phases of application after a trademark has been filed in Czech Republic?
The sequence of the application procedure is as follows:
Examination – The trademark authorities will examine the application if it is compliant in terms of: formalities, descriptiveness, classification, and distinctiveness. The mark must not be in conflict with other applications and it must not be deceiving to the public.
Publication – The specific details of the application will be published online for interested parties to see. Particulars include: mark, goods and services, name and address of applicant, date and number of application, representation and priority claim.
Registration – After the prosecution and once the obstacles have been overcome, the registration will be issued.
What type of trademark is non-registrable?
Applicants cannot register the following marks:
- Marks that have issues with morality and public order
- Generic words or general terms
- Marks that serve mainly as a surname
- Marks that serve mainly as a name of a geographic location
- Marks that lack distinctiveness
- Use of flags, names or symbols of nations, states, regions or international organizations
Does Czech Republic use the "Nice Classification" system?
Yes. Nice Classification system is effective in this jurisdiction.
Does the Community Trademark apply for Czech Republic?
Yes. European Union Trade Mark takes effect in this jurisdiction.
Is there any possibility to claim priority in Czech Republic?
Yes. You may claim the filing date in your home country as the filing date in this jurisdiction if:
- Your home country is a member of the Paris Convention
- The filing date in your home country is less than 6 months from the date of filing application in this jurisdiction
- The international registration can be based in this jurisdiction
What do I need to do to satisfy the use requirement?
You must use a registered mark within 5 years from the date of its registration. It must be on a commercial scale and must occur in this jurisdiction.
Once my trademark has been registered, for how many years will be valid?
The registered mark will be valid for 10 years.
What will be the renewal date of my trademark?
The first renewal date is computed 10 years from the date of filing your application.
Is it legal to use my trademark even if it is not yet registered?
Yes. You may legally use an unregistered mark for goods or services.
Does having a registered trademark in Czech Republic give me any right?
Owners are required to register their trademarks in order to establish rights. The first-to-file rule is effective in Czech Republic.
What is the web address of the trademark national office?
The web address of the national trademark office of Czech Republic is available at: http://www.upv.cz/
Is there any need to use my trademark before I apply for registration?
No. Actual use or intent to use is not mandatory for registration.
What are the grounds for a Trademark Application to be opposed?
The following are grounds for opposition:
- Breach of copyright
- Proprietary right
- Generic marks or terms
- Conflicts with morality and public order
- Bad faith
- Rights in a company name, personal name, or registered design
- Unauthorized use of emblems or insignias of a nation
- Use of geographical indication
- Rights in trade names
- Registration under agent’s name
- Use of protected state emblems, armorial bearings or flags
- Rights of a famous or well-known trademark
- Mark is functional, misleading, not distinctive, or descriptive
Who can oppose my trademark registration?
The following third parties may challenge your trademark registration:
- Any interested or aggrieved parties
- Owners of an earlier registered mark that is similar to your mark
- Third parties whose rights will be infringed by your application
Is it possible to cancel a registration?
Yes. Registered marks can be cancelled on the following grounds:
- Bad faith
- User Requirements of Section V.G. are not met
- Prohibited marks
- Use of mark in deceptive manner
- Use of a protected badge or emblem
- Conflicts with morality or public order
- Use of geographical indication
- Mark is misleading, descriptive, generic, functional or does not show distinctiveness
Are there any rights established by having a registered trademark?
Yes. The following rights will be secured through registration of mark:
- Exclusive rights to use the mark
- Rights to object to later conflicting applications
- Rights to appeal for the cancellation of later conflicting applications
- Rights to sue third parties for infringement
- Rights to obtain damages from third parties due to infringement
- Rights to appeal for the confiscation of fake imported goods
How long is the opposition period?
The opposition period lasts for three months. It will start on the date of the publication of application and will end three months after that date.
Is Czech Republic a member of the Madrid System?
Yes. This jurisdiction is a member of the Madrid Agreement and Madrid Protocol.
Do I need to present periodic statement of use?
No. Periodic statements of use are not needed.
When should I renew my trademark?
Renewals are made every 10 years.
What will be the renewal date of my trademark?
The first renewal date is computed 10 years from the date of filing your application.
Is there any documentation that should be presented when renewing a trademark?
A power of attorney is necessary if the renewal will be done by a different attorney.
If my trademark expires, do I have a grace period?
A 6-month grace period is available after the expiration date of your mark.
How many applications should I file?
The answer to this question depends on the characteristics of your mark, your budget and the scope of protection that you would like to have in Czech Republic.
If your trademark contains distinctive verbal elements (text) as well as design elements (graphics or logos) and you wish both to be protected, our recommendation is to file two trademark applications; one to protect just the verbal elements (the application will be filed as “Word Mark”) and another to protect just the design elements (the application will be filed as “Combined Mark”).
In this case, proceeding with two trademark applications has the following advantages:
Broader and stronger protection. If a third party files a “Combined Mark” with very similar text to yours but different design, their “Combined Mark” could be accepted for registration if you only filed a “Combined Mark” and not a “Word Mark,” because in its entirety the third party’s mark is still considered different from yours.
You will be protected if your logo evolves. It is common for companies to change the design of their logo with time. If you file a “Combined Mark” and not a “Word Mark,” your new logo will not be protected. You must use your trademark exactly as registered; if you don’t, your trademark may be subject to cancellation.
Effective verbal and graphics protection. Filing a “Word Mark” application provides greater flexibility to use your mark in different ways, whether it is presenting it in stylized text or presenting it with different designs (as long as they are not too similar to registered trademarks that belong to third parties). At the same time, filing a “Combined Mark” allows you to protect the design elements of your mark.
If your trademark also contains a slogan or a distinctive design symbol, we suggest you file a specific application for each, as this will give you additional protection.
What is a trademark?
A trademark identifies products and services in order to distinguish them in the market. The name, the verbal element, is not the only component that distinguishes a trademark; figurative elements such as logos, design, images, colors and sounds also create an identity that can be protected through trademark registration.
With the registration, the owner (person or company) becomes the owner of the trademark. The registration is given for a particular country/territory, for certain products or services and for a specific term. While the registration is in force, only the owner may use the trademark in the market where the trademark is registered.
Some symbols to consider:
® Means the trademark is registered.
TM Some countries use this symbol to show that the trademark has been filed at the trademarks office and is still undergoing the registration process.
SM Some countries use this symbol to show that the service mark has been filed at the trademarks office and is still undergoing the registration process.
What is the difference between a trademark, patent and copyright ?
There are many ways to lay claim to your work. Trademarks, patents, and copyrights offer protection for owners of intellectual property. A trademark helps people find your goods and services. When recognized as a registered mark, it protects your right to exclusively use the image, logo, phrases, or words to distinguish your goods or a service in the market.
A patent safeguards ideas and inventions. It gives a creator or inventor exclusive rights that prevent other people from making, using, or profiting in any way from an invention or creative innovation without the consent of the inventor.
You cannot patent an idea because we all have them. You must materialize your concept into a tangible invention, innovative product, device, or process that offers new solutions to a problem to secure a patent.
Copyright protect published, performed, or printed creative works. People who produce artistic or musical work seek to protect their “right” to stop others from “copying” what they do. Copyright protection protects any original creative works of authors including:
- a) artwork (2 or 3 dimensional),
- b) photographs, graphic drawings, and designs as well as other forms of creativity;
- c) songs, music, and sound recordings of all kinds;
- d) books, manuscripts, publications, and another written work; and
- e) plays, movies, shows, and other performance arts.
A trademark, patent, or copyright are all examples of ways you protect your intellectual property. Your right to control and benefit from your efforts are increasingly important in our global economy. Registering a formal claim to your property is a critical step in protecting what you own.
What is the difference between TM, SM, ® and other symbols?
You recognize a registered trademark by the symbol of a circle-R following the trademark name or graphic image. Various typographic symbols show copyrights and patents. The presence or absence of a symbol does not change the validity of the registration, but a best practice is to use a circle-R or circle-C for copyrights every time you mention your intellectual property in print. These symbols give legal grounds for claiming damages in trademark litigation. The following is a list of some typical marks you can use on a web page, in written content, or even in a marketing letter.
- TM: The TM sign shows the brand name for an unregistered trademark classified as a product (classes 1 to 34). The owner uses this sign to mark what they believe is their brand mark.
- SM: The SM sign is identical to the TM sign except it designates a service mark (classes 35 to 45).
- ®: ®: Use the ® symbol once you register a trademark or service mark. It shows that the country authority has approved the registration.
- ©: Use the © symbol to mark a copyright. The word copyright is substitute sign for Follow it with the year of the publication and owner's name. Use it whether the work has obtained copyright registration or not.
- Patent Pending: The phrase Patent Pending shows that you filed a patent application but cannot guarantee the application's approval.
What are trademark classes?
Trademark Offices around the world use classes to divide commercial products and services into defined categories. When you apply for your trademark to protect your brand, you must define the class or classes that you believe are best describe your business activity.
There are 45 classes – 34 for products and 11 for services – which countries from around the world have standardized for international use under the "Nice International Classification".
These classes group all known products and services. You can register the same trademark if there are similar classes, for example, you may register the trademark KING for computers in class 23, and you can also register the same trademark in class 24 for cosmetics.
Trademark protection only extends to commercial use within your specified classes. It is possible, then for two entities conducting business in different classes to use the identical or similar trademarks and for each entity to enjoy full trademark protection in their respective classes. You can choose multiple classes under which to conduct business if you feel the protection must extend beyond only one class.
You can perform a search of your class with the following tool Trademark Class Search
Why do I need to perform a trademark search?
Once you have a product or service and think you have a name for it, how do you know you can use it as your own? What happens if you unintentionally use a registered trademark name? In the United States, under what common law, people can lay claim to a mark if they use it. It is not necessary to formally register a trademark. This fact and the sovereignty states have over the creation of chartered business entities and trade names, makes a trademark search imperative before one spends time and money registered a trademark.
Too many people use a name without knowing if they have legal coverage, and they put up big marketing campaigns with names that later they find they cannot use. Performing a Comprehensive Search Study before you decide to register your brand mark is a wise decision especially when you consider future risks of litigation.
It is a good idea to conduct a Study before you start doing business with a trademark. It may not be in your best interest to use a mark if another company is already actively conducting business in the same class. That company may be able to object to your use of the trademark and prohibit you from using the mark in a court of law.
What is a preliminary trademark search?
Your preliminary trademark search is an important first step before you spend time and money considering whether to apply for a potential trademark or not.
If you have trademark experience, you can use free online resources like our Trademark Searchengine, or the Trademark Electronic Search System(TESS) offered to the public by the US Patent and Trademark Office(USPTO) to search for existing marks that are identical to your planned trademark. While preliminary trademark searches are a critical part of your registration process, a successful search that show no conflicts with identical marks does not necessarily mean the Trademark Office will not reject your registration application.
if you have little or no experience dealing with trademarks, we suggest you find a professional help. Our company offers the offers the service Trademark Comprehensive Study. The Study will give you details about the classes where might want to register your trademark, it will also list of identical and similar trademarks, and finally it will provide you an Attorney's recommendation about registration possibilities and use of your trademark.
How do I perform a trademark search?
First, we recommend your start by defining the class you want to register. You can find your class, using our Trademark Class Search tool. Using this tool you enter your product/service, and it will tell you the class or classes you should register.
After you have found your class(es), you can go directly to your country's Trademark Office and perform the search there. You can also try our Trademark Search engines.
When searching, try different combinations of your name. For example, if you are searching for AMAZON, look for AMASON, HAMAZON, or similar word patterns. Try several different combinations of words and spellings.
Notice that several countries do not have online trademarks databases. You must go to local Trademark Office and ask for a list of trademarks.
Trademark Search may be challenging and time-consuming and, if you do not have the time or experience, our company offers the service Trademark Comprehensive Study. The Study will give you details about the classes where you might want to register your trademark, it will also include a list of identical and similar trademarks, and finally it will provide you an Attorney's recommendation about registration possibilities and use of your trademark.
Do I need an Attorney to perform a Trademark Search?
No, you don’t, but if you have little or no experience dealing with trademarks, we suggest you find a professional help. Our company offers the offers the service Trademark Comprehensive Study. The Study will give you details about the classes where might want to register your trademark, it will also list of identical and similar trademarks, and finally it will provide you an Attorney's recommendation about registration possibilities and use of your trademark.
Where can I perform a trademark search?
If you have some knowledge about trademark registration, you can search using our Trademark Search engine. If not, we recommend hiring a trademark attorney or trademark service like Marcaria.com to handle your trademark registration requirements, especially a trademark search because the entire process is complex and takes time.
Notice that if you do not complete the application process carefully, the registration process could be extended many months and cost far more than you intended to pay. The trademark search is a critical part of the process.
A broad trademark search is essential in today's marketplace given the increasing number of unregistered and common law marks. Globalization of markets also raises the question of entering international markets and registration of marks in foreign countries to protect your brand and your property rights.
You need to understand that even a completed comprehensive trademark search does not guarantee acceptance and registration of your mark. A Marcaria.com Trademark Comprehensive Study includes a more extensive review process and, more significantly, a formal opinion estimating the probability of your application's acceptance.