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How Does the Liberation Process of .BR Domains Work?



Exploring the liberation process of expired .br domains in Brazil, this guide is designed to assist those in search of valuable, once-registered domains. A thorough understanding of the liberation process is essential for successfully securing a fitting .br domain and establishing a robust online presence.
This process allows individuals and businesses to obtain domains with significant market value or relevant to their brand or industry. We will overview the phases of domain expiration: grace period, expired period, redemption period, and pending delete period, which eventually lead to domain liberation and availability for new owners.
We'll discuss the Processo de Liberação (Liberation Process) and Processo Competitivo (Competitive Process) that govern how expired .br domains are released and gained, providing fairness and transparency.
Whether you're an individual or business wanting a strong online presence, understanding the liberation process for expired .br domains is vital. By following this guide, you'll navigate the process effectively and secure a valuable .br domain meeting your objectives.

Understanding Domain Expiration

When a .br domain reaches its expiration date, it goes through a series of stages. Let's delve into each phase to gain a deeper understanding of the domain expiration process.

Grace Period and Domain Renewal

The grace period is a crucial phase in the expiration process of .br domains in Brazil. It provides the original registrant with an opportunity to renew the domain without any interruption. During this period, the domain remains active and accessible to the public, ensuring continuity of the online presence associated with the domain.

The length of the grace period may vary depending on the policies set by, the entity responsible for managing .br domains. Typically, the grace period for .br domains ranges from a few days to a couple of weeks after the official expiration date.
The primary purpose of the grace period is to offer a window of opportunity for the original registrant to renew their domain before it enters the subsequent stages of the expiration process. It serves as a safeguard, allowing registrants to rectify any oversight, resolve payment issues, or make necessary arrangements for the domain's continuity.

Expired Period: The Initial Phase

The expired period is a significant phase in the expiration process of .br domains in Brazil. It follows the grace period and marks a crucial transition in the domain's status. During this period, the domain becomes inactive, and the original registrant loses control over it.

When a .br domain enters the expired period, it means that the registrant did not renew the domain within the grace period. As a result, the domain no longer functions as an active website, and associated services, such as email, may cease to operate. Visitors and users attempting to access the domain will likely encounter errors or be unable to reach the intended website.
While the domain is in the expired period, it is important to note that the original registrant still has a chance to reclaim the domain. However, the options for domain recovery become more limited and require further actions to be taken.

Redemption Period: Last Chance for Renewal

The redemption period is a critical phase in the expiration process of .br domains in Brazil. It follows the expired period and offers the original registrant a last opportunity to reclaim the domain before it is permanently released for registration by new owners.

During the redemption period, which typically lasts around 30 days, the domain is still in a state of limbo. It remains inactive and inaccessible to the public, as it did during the expired period. However, unlike the expired period, the original registrant has the chance to redeem the domain by paying additional fees, including redemption costs.
The redemption process serves as a final lifeline for the registrant to regain control over the domain. It allows them to rectify any oversight, resolve payment issues, or reconsider their decision to let the domain expire. However, it's important to note that redeeming the domain often incurs higher fees beyond the regular renewal cost. These additional charges are associated with the efforts and administrative processes involved in recovering an expired domain. 

If the original registrant does not take action to redeem the domain during the redemption period, it will eventually move into the pending delete period. Once the domain enters the pending delete period, the opportunity for the original registrant to recover the domain is lost, and it will become available for registration by new owners in the subsequent liberation process.

Pending Delete Period: Preparing for Liberation

If the domain is not redeemed during the redemption period, it moves into the pending delete period, lasting approximately five days. During this phase, the domain is marked for deletion, and the original registrant cannot recover it. The pending delete period is a crucial stage as it leads to the ultimate liberation of the domain.
After the completion of the pending delete period, the domain is officially liberated and released for registration. It becomes part of the pool of available domains that anyone can register on a first-come, first-served basis. 

The Liberation Process for Expired .BR Domains

Processo de Liberação (Liberation Process)

After the completion of the pending delete period, the domain goes through the Processo de Liberação, or liberation process. This is an exciting phase where the domain becomes available for registration by new owners on a first-come, first-served basis. The liberation process opens doors for individuals and businesses interested in acquiring expired .br domains.
Current .br domains in this stage can be found here.

Processo Competitivo (Competitive Process)

The competitive process, also known as the Processo Competitivo, is an intriguing aspect of the liberation of expired .br domains in Brazil. It is employed for highly sought-after domains, adding an element of fairness and transparency to the registration procedure.
When certain domains generate significant interest due to their desirability or market value, the competitive process is implemented to determine the new registrant. This process involves a specific procedure that includes a pre-registration phase, evaluation of interested parties, and an auction or allocation method to select the final registrant.
Current .br domains in this stage can be found here.

Pre-Registration Phase:

Before the competitive process begins, a pre-registration phase is announced. Interested parties are given the opportunity to express their intent to participate in the process. During this phase, individuals or organizations who wish to acquire the specific highly sought-after domain can register their interest and provide necessary details to indicate their intent.

Evaluation of Interested Parties:

Once the pre-registration phase ends, the registry evaluates the submissions from interested parties. Eligibility criteria are typically taken into consideration, which may include factors such as the order of submission, compliance with registration rules, and potential conflicts of interest. The evaluation aims to ensure fairness and eliminate any ineligible or inappropriate participants from the competitive process.
Current .br domains in this stage can be found here.

Auction or Allocation Method:

After the evaluation, the competitive process proceeds to the next stage, which involves determining the final registrant through an auction or allocation method. In the case of an auction, eligible participants bid on the domain, and the highest bidder wins the right to register the domain. The auction can be conducted either online or through a designated platform. Alternatively, an allocation method may be employed, where participants are selected based on predetermined criteria such as specific industry affiliations, business proposals, or other relevant factors. The allocation method aims to ensure that the domain goes to the most deserving party based on predefined criteria.

Registering a Liberated .BR Domain

Once a domain is liberated, interested individuals or organizations can register it through different registrars. To register a liberated .br domain, follow these steps:

  1. Search you .br domain name.

  2. Check the availability of the domain.

  3. Complete the registration process by providing the required information, such as contact details and registrant information.

Tips for Obtaining Expired .BR Domains

To increase your chances of acquiring an expired .br domain, consider the following tips:

  • Monitor Expiration Dates: Utilize tools or services to track domain expiration dates and be prepared to take action;

  • Research Valuable Domains: Conduct research on expired domains that align with your interests or business objectives. Consider their potential market value and relevance to your industry;

  • Act Promptly: Once a domain is liberated, act quickly to secure it before others. Valuable domains can be registered rapidly, so swift action is essential;

  • Participate in the Competitive Process: For highly sought-after domains, participate in the competitive process if available. This could involve pre-registration and engaging in auctions or allocation methods to increase your chances of acquiring the domain.


Understanding the liberation process of expired .br domains in Brazil is crucial for those seeking to acquire valuable domain names. By familiarizing yourself with the phases of expiration, including the Processo de Liberação and Processo Competitivo, and following practical tips for successful domain acquisition, you can increase your chances of securing desired domains. Stay vigilant, act promptly, and leverage the opportunities presented by the liberation process to acquire valuable .br domains for your online presence.